Wednesday 7
Resilience, tourism and protected areas
Meriem Bouamrane
› 11:30 - 12:30 (1h)
Adaptive Management to Enhance Resilience in Sustainable Land Use - Case studies from Ramsar Wetland Sites in Japan, Slovakia
Mari Shioya  1@  
1 : Institute of Forestry Ecology, Slovak Academy of Sciences

This research aims to build on the theory of adaptive governance with the objective of identifying optimal management strategies for wetland protection under the global political and market system. Adaptive management, based on participatory and self-organised governance and protection regimes is understood as a vital tool for increasing the quality of wetland protection at the global and also local level. This novel perspective of our theoretical foundation will be supported by cross-country comparison. The example from study areas in Japan (as a highly economically developed country, yet having problems in natural tourism management) and Slovakia (where experiencing a new paradigm shift through institutional change, having potential for new markets such as eco-tourism), illustrates that cooperation between the locals and authorities is highly appreciated by different actors involved in conservation areas. 

The study is based on a multiple-method approach that is a combination of secondary and primary data. First, the theoretical foundations of socio-ecological resilience, adaptive governance and sustainable tourism will be incorporated with the theory of adaptive management. Secondly, interviews with multi-level actors related to conservation area management will be presented and assessed the vulnerability and resilience in the study areas. Thirdly, the model of adaptive governance strategy for wetland protection regime under global condition will be constructed. 

This study has an ambition to contribute to the theory of adaptive natural resource management by novelties and to provide recommendations for international activities on wetland conservation at the level of Ramsar Conventions, United Nations and other international organisations.



The objective of this study is to apply an innovative framework of adaptive governance to identify optimal management strategies for wetland protection under the global political and market systems. Key arguments are that participatory and self-organised governance and protection regimes constructed on well-organised, socially-matured institutional structures at the local level are essential tools for managing wetlands under the conditions of the global market. The number of actors, including land users and economic groups, influence decision-making and wetlands' ecological functions are dramatically affected by surrounded intensified land uses (agriculture, urbanisation, tourism use etc.). There are a number of studies devoted to socio-ecological resilience and adaptive governance with a general focus and a regional focus; however, the application of sustainable tourism to those theories has received limited attention.

This study intends to provide recommendations for how and what adaptive governance regime instruments can contribute to the effective implementation of Ramsar protection regimes, other international treaties, and wetland protection measures at the national level in both Japan and Slovakia.

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