Monday 5
Dialogue on Climate-resilient Farming Practices, Agroecology and Food Sovereignty
Jean-MArc Touzard, Rachel Bezner Kerr, Hanson Nyantakyi-Frimpong, Laifolo Dakishoni, Sieglinde Snapp
› 11:05 - 18:00 (6h55)
› Murviel-lès-Montpellier
Improving climate risk management to foster food security: Insights from a typology of smallholders' vulnerability in the Peruvian Andes
Diana Sietz  1@  , Sabino Edgar Mamani Choque, Matthias Lüdeke@
1 : Wageningen University  (WUR)

Farming communities in the Andes have used traditional strategies of risk distribution to deal with the pronounced variability of climate conditions. However, they are undergoing critical transformations due to demographic, economic and social changes that often exacerbate food insecurity. Therefore, the question arises of how agriculturally-based livelihoods may be strengthened in order to facilitate climate-resilient transformations and achieve food security. To address this question, we analysed smallholders' vulnerability to weather extremes and food insecurity in the Peruvian Andes based on household surveys, group discussions and cluster-based pattern analysis. The cluster analysis resulted in a typology of smallholders' vulnerability depicting four typical patterns of household attributes including information on their harvest failure risk, agricultural resources, education level and non-agricultural income. The typology was validated based on both vulnerability outcomes resulting from the exposure to weather extremes and reported causes of vulnerability. Results demonstrate that major strategies to manage climate risks such as the use of diverse agro-ecological niches and local weather observations have been undermined by resource scarcity, market orientation and increasing off-farm activities. These conditions favour a depletion of assets and, thus, food insecurity. The typology of farmers' vulnerability served to derive entry points for building climate-resilient farming systems. Thus, interventions are required with regard to both the household level and the context in which people live in order to build up of agricultural assets, improve the access to education and open-up livelihood alternatives. In particular, the application of weather forecasts to adjust agricultural management has been intensively discussed. Available forecasts in the study area however do not reflect well the multitude of microclimates created by the mountain topography and have scarcely been integrated into the agricultural decision-making of smallholders. Therefore, high-quality observational data and an improved communication of forecast information would be essential for better managing climate risks. Overall, the validation strengthens the credibility and suitability of our findings for decision-making pertaining to building climate-resilient farming communities in the Andes.

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