Tuesday 6
The Social-ecological systems meta-analysis database (SESMAD) project
Michael Cox
› 11:35 - 12:30 (55min)
› JOFFRE 1-5
Diagnosing large-scale marine protected areas: a comparative analysis of the social, ecological and institutional drivers of successful governance
Natalie Ban  1@  , Graham Epstein  2@  , Michael Schoon  3@  , Mateja Nenadovic  4@  , Louisa Evans  5@  
1 : University of Victoria
2 : University of Indiana
3 : Arizona State University
4 : Duke University
5 : James Cook University

A key gap in the literature on common-pool resources and social-ecological systems is the paucity of research on large-scale environmental governance, instead having focused on small-scale systems. Environmental problems, however, emerge at multiple scales and in the context of highly interconnected marine systems tend to be large in scale. Recent development of the social-ecological systems framework presents an ideal opportunity to apply and test knowledge developed in small-scale systems and move towards a better understanding of large-scale (>10,000km2) environmental governance. This presentation focuses on such questions in the context of large marine protected areas (MPAs). More specifically we ask: (1) whether variables found to be important in the governance of small-scale case studies apply at large scales? (2) What additional factors or different contingencies apply at large scales? And (3) how can they be used to improve marine protected area management and biodiversity conservation? We used the MPA global database (www.mpaglobal.org) as a sampling frame of large MPAs, defined as those that have a marine portion larger than (>10,000km2).

To be able to gauge the effect that governance is having on social and ecological components of the system, we focused on MPAs that have been in place for five or more years. 20 MPAs fit these criteria. Through searches on online databases, we then gauged the data availability for each of these 20 MPAs, checking in particular whether information on outcomes exists. We aim to complete coding efforts for the MPAs that appeared to have sufficient information for reliable and accurate coding. The Social-Ecological Systems Meta-Analysis database (SESMAD) will be used to code and analyse our cases. The preliminary results from this analysis will be presented at this conference. 

This presentation will be part of the session entitled “The Social-ecological systems meta-analysis database (SESMAD) project.”


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