Monday 5
How to quantify changes in vulnerability and resilience of agroecosystems resulting from sustainable intensification?
Fabrice Declerck
› 11:05 - 18:00 (6h55)
› Domaine de Restinclières
Unpacking poverty in agricultural communities in Costa Rica based on ecosystem management priorities
Marta Berbes-Blazquez  1, 2@  
1 : York University, Faculty of Environmental Studies  -  Website
Faculty of Environmental Studies HNES 137, York University 4700 Keele Street Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3 -  Canada
2 : Instituto Regional de Estudios en Sustancias Toxicas  (IRET)  -  Website

The simplification of agricultural ecosystems towards the production of a single marketable commodity leads to undesirable trade-offs in both ecosystem services and human well-being. However, while trade-offs between ecosystem services have been acknowledged, trade-offs in the dimensions of human well-being remain largely unexplored.

My research compares human well-being under different environmental management conditions that progressively focus on optimizing a narrower range of ecosystem services towards the production of a single marketable commodity in Costa Rica. Some of the questions that I explore include: 1) How do the different dimensions of human well-being—material welfare, safety and security, social cohesiveness, health and empowerment—vary depending on the form of agricultural management? 2) Which variables of well-being are more tightly, or loosely, integrated among themselves?

In this presentation I will offer some preliminary responses based on qualitative data collected in four rural regions in Costa Rica under different agricultural management regimes: Limon, which has large-scale banana production, the Indigenous Bribri territory which has a mix of traditional and conventional systems of plantain production, San Isidro which has small-scale coffee producers, and Buenos Aires, which has large-scale pineapple production.

 This analysis aims at highlighting how priorities in ecosystem services translate into particular forms of poverty and depravation, thus linking specific trade-offs in ecosystem services with trade-offs in human well-being as a better way of characterising and addressing poverty in resource-dependent communities.

 


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