Wednesday 7
Marine Governance Transformation Outcomes : the good, the bad and the ugly
Stefan Gelcich, Joshua Cinner, John N. (Jack) Kittinger
› 14:35 - 15:30 (55min)
› JOFFRE 1-2
A sea change on the African coast? Early social and ecological outcomes of a governance transformation in Kenyan fisheries
Josh Cinner  1@  , Tim Mcclanahan@
1 : ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University

Some countries have profoundly transformed natural resource governance institutions in response to the perceived failure of many top down and open access arrangements to maintain ecosystem services and associated livelihoods. We quantitatively examined social and ecological outcomes over a period of transformational change in the governance of Kenyan fisheries. Devolving decision-making power to local communities initially promoted a perception of winners and losers among resource users, but after just six years, there were virtually no resource users who felt that the new governance arrangement was detrimental to their livelihood. This newly acquired authority to develop and capture the benefits from local management resulted in an unexpected proliferation of community-based marine reserves - a substantial change to the anti-reserve discourse that halted the government's most recent attempt to establish a national marine park in the mid 1990s. Several of these areas have led to demonstrable increases in fish biomass and coral cover, but others did not and may suffer from poor placement, compliance and weak management. The current lack of negative perceptions towards co-management provides a critical window of opportunity to strengthen local governance institutions by investing in leadership capacity, transparency, and enforcement. 

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