Tuesday 6
Disturbance, Crisis, and Creative Construction
Timothy Baird, David Wrathall
› 11:35 - 12:30 (55min)
› JOFFRE A
Regime shift for whom but to what ends?: Narco-trafficking as a disturbance catalysing indigenous claims to land in Honduras
David Wrathall  1@  
1 : United Nations University - Institute for Environment and Human Security  (UNU-EHS)  -  Website
Hermann-Ehlers-Str 10. 53113 Bonn, Germany -  Allemagne

Disturbance in social-ecological systems is commonly studied as a forcing mechanism in regime shifts from system state to alternate states. However, less attention focuses on the role that disturbance plays in catalysing new basins of attraction. Catastrophic disturbance can reinforce particular social structures that order access to resources. When access to resources are circumscribed by dominant system structures, adaptation to disturbance can reinforce those same structures. However in this speed talk, I will briefly describe narco-trafficking as a powerful disturbance, and a driver of deforestation in the Meso-American Biological Corridor. Cattle ranching is an attractive alternative for money laundering, and this decimates fragile ecosystems and is a major driver of flood risk affecting coastal communities. And yet narco-deforestation is a major catalyst for indigenous communities and conservation groups to work for changes in indigenous land rights. This cases highlight the role of power relations in determining which populations experience disturbance, who is constrained to adapt, but how adaptation restructures alternative states.


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