Wednesday 7
Marine Governance Transformation Outcomes : the good, the bad and the ugly
Stefan Gelcich, Joshua Cinner, John N. (Jack) Kittinger
› 14:35 - 15:30 (55min)
› JOFFRE 1-2
Emergence of co-management governance for coral reef fisheries
Adam Ayers  1, *@  , John Kittinger  2, 3@  
1 : University of Hawaii, Dept of Urban and Regional Planning  -  Website
Department of Urban & Regional Planning, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, 2424 Maile Way, Room 107, Honolulu, Hawai‘i 96822, USA -  États-Unis
2 : Stanford University, Center for Ocean Solutions  (Stanford COS)  -  Website
99 Pacific Street, Suite 555E Monterey, CA 93940 Phone: 831-333-2077 -  États-Unis
3 : Hawaii Fish Trust, Conservation International
Conservation International 7192 Kalanianaole Hwy, Ste G-230 Honolulu, Hawaii 96825 -  États-Unis
* : Corresponding author

Governance failures associated with top-down management have spawned a myriad of institutional arrangements to engage resource users in decision-making through co-management. Although co-management can take many forms and may not always lead to positive outcomes, it has emerged as a promising governance option available to meet social and ecological goals. Recent research on co-management of SSF has used comparative approaches to test factors associated with social and ecological success. Less is known however, about how co-management institutional arrangements emerge and persist in the face of socioeconomic and environmental change. Here, we examine the emergence of co-management governance using a case study from coral reef fisheries in the Hawaiian Islands. We used a mixed methods approach, combining a robust policy analysis and a set of key respondent interviews is used to trace the evolution of this co-management arrangement. Our research uncovers a set of linked drivers and social responses, which together comprise the emergence phase for the evolution of co-management in this case study. Drivers include resource depletion and conflict, and social responses comprise self-organization, consensus building, and collective action. We share insights on key factors that affect these phases of emergence, drawing on empirical findings from our policy review and key respondent interviews. We conclude by describing ways that our findings can directly inform policy and planning in practice, including communication and trust-building, knowledge-to-action partnerships, and the critical planning relationship between community and state-level institutions. This abstract is part of the session on “Marine Governance Transformation Outcomes: the good, the bad and the ugly,” chaired by J.E. Cinner, S. Gelcich, and J.N. Kittinger.

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