Tuesday 6
Disentangling complex patterns in social-ecological systems using Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA)
Orjan Bodin, Xavier Basurto
› 15:40 - 16:40 (1h)
Disentangling complex patterns in social-ecological systems using Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA)
Orjan Bodin  1@  , Xavier Basurto  2@  
1 : Stockholm Resilience Centre  (SRC)
2 : Duke university [Durham]  -  Website
Durham, NC 27708 -  États-Unis

High levels of complexity characterize social-ecological systems (SES). Numerous factors have either been shown, or are hypothesized to, affect this complexity in different ways. Furthermore, it is commonly assumed that many of these factors act in combination to produce certain outcomes. All this together presents a significant challenge when using many traditional research approaches, and in this session we will present some selected examples on how qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) and fuzzy-set QCA (fsQCA) can be used to address this challenge in SES research. QCA is a case-comparative approach that sits in-between qualitative and quantitative research, can be utilized even when the number of cases is quite limited, and is designed to handle multiple and often complex causal pathways. It is however not a magic silver bullet, but has its own set of pros and cons. Since QCA is so recent, many of these pros and cons are still being under investigation. The different examples on how QCA has been applied in SES research presented in this session will thus not only present substantive insights, but also showcase how these pros and cons have been addressed in SES research.

The session will cover four short presentation of SES research utilizing QCA (10 min each). This will be followed by a moderated discussion among the presenters where the following questions will be addressed:

  • In what ways were QCA/fsQCA useful in your study?
  • What were the limitations, and how did you address them?
  • What are your recommendations to anyone interested in using QCA in their research?

The following talks and presenters are confirmed

International fisheries regime effectiveness – analyzing activities and resources of key actors in the Southern Ocean using QCA, Örjan Bodin & Henrik Österblom, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University

Using fsQCA to study diversity and its effects on emergence and robustness in institutions , Xavier Basurto, Duke University

Challenges in using fsQCA to analyse performance characteristics of governance systems, Claudia Pahl-Wostl, University of Osnabrück

Disturbance characteristics, cooperation factors and robustness: an fsQCA of responses to disturbances in five Spanish irrigation systems, Sergio Villamayor-Tomas, Humboldt University

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