Tuesday 6
Disentangling complex patterns in social-ecological systems using Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA)
Orjan Bodin, Xavier Basurto
› 15:45 - 16:40 (55min)
International fisheries regime effectiveness – analyzing activities and resources of key actors in the Southern Ocean using QCA
Orjan Bodin  1@  , Henrik Österblom  1@  
1 : Stockholm Resilience Centre  (SRC)

Many contemporary environmental challenges are truly global and span several organizational and geographical borders. Research on international environmental regimes has, over the last couple of decades, identified several important factors that contribute to a more effective governance of global ecological resources, but few studies have addressed the different roles certain influential individual organizations play in determining regime effectiveness. Here we address this question by studying a relatively successful fishery governance system in the Southern Ocean using Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA). By drawing on insights from the research fields of common-pool resource management and international environmental regimes, we demonstrate that organizations engaged in certain combinations of activities, and that have access to certain combinations of resources stand out as important for regime effectiveness. In particular, collaboration with other flag states and being politically well-connected stand out as important explanatory factors. However, access to advanced technology, engagement in public campaigns, and being active in the field are other factors that, in different combinations, also seem to explain organizational importance. Furthermore, governmental and non-governmental organizations tend to perform different sets of activities and possess different resources, thereby complementing each other. Also, organizations doing similar things are often of different types with different mandates and objectives. This could contribute to improved adaptability and responsiveness to change at the larger regime level. Finally, we discuss some potential implications of our results for capacity-building in international environmental governance.

This talk is part of the proposed session "Disentangling complex patterns in social-ecological systems using Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA)"

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