Wednesday 7
Environmental Policies, Ecosystem-Services
Stig Wanden
› 11:30 - 12:30 (1h)
› JOFFRE 1-4
Local or Global Commons? Application of Framework for Analysing SES for Soil Biodiversity at EU level.
Tatiana Kluvankova-Oravska  1, 2@  , Andrej Udovc@
1 : CE SPECTRA, Slovak University of Technology and Institute of Forest Ecology, SAS  (SPECTRA)  -  Website
Vazovova 5, Bratislava -  Slovaquie
2 : CETIP Network  (CETIP)  -  Website
Racianska 25, Bratislava -  Slovaquie

 

The key challenge of soil protection is to identify the most appropriate land management strategy in the face of agriculture driven land-use change. Traditionally soil socio-ecological systems (SES) such as pastures, forest land, conventional but also alternative crop systems represents local systems that have persisted for a long time adapting their rules in use to natural and social disturbances as well as to the broader economic, political and social systems in which they where embedded.

 

Globalisation however introduces a dimension of scale which affects the vulnerability of traditional SES systems to external disturbances. In particular traditional (long lasting) institutions are challenged by global market actors and global policies, and their institutions that are not embedded in local institutional arenas. In general, the market increases the vulnerability of SES as it demands the intense exploration of soil biodiversity ecosystem services. The probability that markets affect a new area is influenced by institutional structure, in particular the degree of compatibility between current and new rules, such as traditional local institutions of crop rotation and new national or supranational agriculture regulations and measures to support internal markets.  Within the EU 7 FMP Ecofinders we applied SES framework as novel tool to address long term sustainability of SES in particularly when dealing with large scale governance systems and their interconnections within nested multilevel governance structures (Ostrom, 2009). Validity of the framework has been empirically confirmed as the tool to be able to identify potential variables of sustainability policies in numerous local studies (Ostrom, 2009).

 

Main findings are that national or international policy interventions into the traditional small-scale resource systems can increase adaptability to the global market, improve the economic situation of states, sectors and local actors in the short term, but often reduces the capacity of the traditional system to self organize and maintain economic and governance performance when subjected to internal and external disturbances such as economic crises as well as climate change.

 


Online user: 3 RSS Feed