Tuesday 6
Resilience at the margin 1
G. Kofinas
› 11:35 - 12:30 (55min)
› JOFFRE 1-2
Facilitating Local Transformation: Boundary-spanning collaborations to facilitate community-led adaptations for self-reliance and sustainability in Alaska
F Stuart Chapin Iii  1@  , Patricia Cochran  2@  , Corrine Knapp  3@  , Robin Bronen  3@  , Judith Ramos  4@  , Todd Brinkman  5@  , Rebecca Warren  3@  , Erin Shew  6@  
1 : University of Alaska Fairbanks  (UAF)
Institute of Arctic Biology University of Alaska Fairbanks Fairbanks, AK 99775 -  États-Unis
2 : Alaska Native Science Commission  (ANSC)
P.O. Box 244305, Anchorage, AK 99524 -  États-Unis
3 : University of Alaska Fairbanks  (UAF)
Resilience and Adaptation Program, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775 -  États-Unis
4 : University of Alaska Fairbanks  (UAF)
Department of Alaska Native Studies and Rural Development, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775-6500 -  États-Unis
5 : University of Alaska Fairbanks  (UAF)
Scenarios Network for Alaska and Arctic Planning, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775 -  États-Unis
6 : University of Alaska Fairbanks  (UAF)
Northern Studies Program, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775 -  États-Unis

Societies situated at the margins of dominant societies generally have relatively few resources with which to adapt to global changes in climate, economy and culture. Those communities that thrive under these conditions must cope with variation in their environment by adjusting, innovating, and adapting based largely on local ingenuity and resources. Fostering adaptation in these communities can occur by facilitating access to resources that communities view as necessary to implement their vision for self-reliance. The Community Partnership for Self-Reliance and Sustainability (CPSS) is a bottom-up boundary-spanning partnership between four Alaskan indigenous communities, the Alaska Native Science Commission (ANSC), and the University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF).

 

The goal of the partnership is in-reach from communities to the university to develop collaborations that implement each community's vision for self-reliance and sustainability. During three visits to each community, two ANSC leaders and a UAF graduate student and faculty member (1) listened to sustainability issues identified by tribal leadership and the community as a whole and asked questions to clarify understanding; (2) listened to community priorities and offered suggestions of ways that UAF expertise might address some of these; and (3) established collaborative connections between community leaders and appropriate UAF research groups to guide and implement community solutions. The graduate student and tribal liaisons were critical to effective communication and progress at every stage.

 

Each of the four communities had at least one critical self-reliance issue that differed from issues identified by the other three communities, was critical to community self-reliance, and was not addressed by any government program. This included village relocation in Newtok, acceptance of Koyukuk's strategy of adapting to flooding by protecting infrastructure in place, secure rights to pure water in Igiugig, and rights to fish for salmon in Nikolai. In addition, all communities share common concerns about some issues such as the high cost of energy. Each community found different ways to address this problem. Nikolai installed smart meters that enabled each household to monitor their electricity use to avoid high payments above some threshold; Newtok designed energy-efficient housing; Igiugig integrated multiple forms of renewable energy in their energy system. All communities identified and initiated key innovations before the collaboration began, and the partnership served primarily to facilitate prioritization, further design refinements, implementation, and the sharing of innovations among communities. The major product of the partnership has been the building of trust and enthusiasm for collaboratively addressing opportunities identified by communities. The success of individual projects remains to be determined.

 

To be presented in the session “Resilience at the Margin,” chaired by Gary Kofinas.


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