Monday 5
Achieving Resilience in Small-Scale Fisheries : Applying Emerging Frontiers in Social-Ecological Systems Research
John Kittinger, Elena Finkbeiner, Christina Hicks
› 11:00 - 18:00 (7h)
Achieving Resilience in Small-Scale Fisheries: Applying Emerging Frontiers in Social-Ecological Systems Research
John Kittinger  2, 1, *@  , Elena Finkbeiner  3@  , Christina Hicks  4, 5@  , Elodie Le Cornu  6@  , Joshua Cinner  7@  , Larry Crowder  6@  
2 : Hawaii Fish Trust, Conservation International
Conservation International 7192 Kalanianaole Hwy, Ste G-230 Honolulu, Hawaii 96825 -  États-Unis
1 : Stanford University, Center for Ocean Solutions  (Stanford COS)  -  Website
99 Pacific Street, Suite 555E Monterey, CA 93940 Phone: 831-333-2077 -  États-Unis
3 : Stanford University, Hopkins Marine Station  -  Website
120 Oceanview Blvd., Pacific Grove, CA 93950 USA -  États-Unis
4 : ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies
5 : Stanford University
6 : Center for Ocean Solutions  (COS)  -  Website
99 Pacific Street, Suite 555E Monterey, CA 93940 -  États-Unis
7 : ARC Center of Excellence in Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University
* : Corresponding author

Small-scale fisheries (SSF) account for most of the livelihoods associated with fisheries worldwide and support food security for millions globally, yet face critical challenges from local threats and global pressures. The capacity of small-scale fisheries to adapt to these ongoing and escalating pressures depends on their social and ecological resilience. Ecological resilience is ability of ecosystems to absorb disturbance while retaining their structure and function; social resilience comprises a broad suite of factors that define the capacity of people and communities to cope with and navigate social and environmental change. As linked social-ecological systems, small-scale fisheries comprise a complex set of connections between fisheries resource systems and associated human communities, which together affect both their resilience and the suite of policy approaches available to managers and practitioners. In this session, we describe how emerging concepts from social-ecological systems thinking can illuminate potential solutions to achieving resilience in small-scale fisheries. We present real-world examples of three emerging themes: external drivers of change; social-ecological traps; and diagnostic approaches and multiple outcomes in SSF. Each concept will be assessed through an in-depth case study: (1) External drivers of change will be illustrated through a case study in Baja California, Mexico; (2) Social-ecological traps are explored in coral reef fisheries; and (3) A novel diagnostic framework – ecosystem service entitlements – will be applied to a case study from the Western Indian Ocean. The purpose of this session is to introduce how theoretical and empirical research in social-ecological systems and resilience can aid practitioners by making these concepts more operational. Our overarching goal is to stimulate dialogue and innovative ideas about how social-ecological systems and resilience thinking can inform a transition towards sustainability in small-scale fisheries.

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