Monday 5
Achieving Resilience in Small-Scale Fisheries : Applying Emerging Frontiers in Social-Ecological Systems Research
John Kittinger, Elena Finkbeiner, Christina Hicks
› 11:05 - 18:00 (6h55)
› IFREMER Sète
Mitigating the effects of external drivers through diversification: lessons from small-scale fishing cooperatives in Baja California Sur, Mexico
Elena Finkbeiner  1@  
1 : Stanford University, Hopkins Marine Station  -  Website
120 Oceanview Blvd., Pacific Grove, CA 93950 USA -  États-Unis

Session Title: Achieving Resilience in Small-Scale Fisheries: Applying Emerging Frontiers in Social-Ecological Systems Research

External drivers comprise a complex set of trends, events, and policies that affect human behavior and local ecological processes. These drivers present significant challenges to resource users and practitioners in small-scale fisheries (SSF), as such drivers are typically outside the local realm of influence. Furthermore, such drivers are becoming more and more prevalent in an increasingly globalized world. Examples of external drivers in SSF may include: changes in resource availability mediated by climate variance; external market disturbance and resulting price fluctuations; and sudden changes in fisheries policies or governance. Thus, identifying strategies of fishing communities and individual fishers for adapting and responding to externally driven changes is crucial. Social-ecological systems research suggests that increased specialization of economic activities or limited access to alternative employment opportunities can increase risk to major system disturbances for individuals and communities. Conversely, enhancing the number of options for human response through increased access to marine resources, diverse livelihood approaches, and generalist fishing strategies, may attenuate the negative effects of externally driven disturbances. This study explores the relative importance of diversification strategies for confronting external drivers across communities and fishing cooperatives in SSF of Baja California Sur, Mexico, through interdisciplinary analysis of long-term catch and economic data, in addition to interview data. These findings will contribute to a better understanding of the institutional arrangements that promote a resilient small-scale fishery, both ecologically and socially, and therefore, will be invaluable for fisheries management.


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