Monday 5
Achieving Resilience in Small-Scale Fisheries : Applying Emerging Frontiers in Social-Ecological Systems Research
John Kittinger, Elena Finkbeiner, Christina Hicks
› 11:05 - 18:00 (6h55)
› IFREMER Sète
Overcoming social-ecological traps in coral reef fisheries
Josh Cinner  1@  
1 : ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University

Overcoming social-ecological traps in coral reef fisheries (Josh Cinner)

Reinforcing feedbacks between social and ecological dynamics can lead systems to undesirable states, in what is referred to as a social-ecological trap. Here, I describe critical social-ecological feedbacks in coral reef fisheries, using empirical data from the Western Indian Ocean. I highlight how poverty can create conditions that facilitate the use of destructive gear and make fishers more likely to continue fishing as catch declines. This social poverty trap interacts with key ecological dynamics such as herbivory to reinforce undesirable ecological conditions. I briefly highlight how these social-ecological traps can be broken by effective institutions and poverty reduction.

 

to be in session: Achieving Resilience in Small-Scale Fisheries: Applying Emerging Frontiers in Social-Ecological Systems Research


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