Tuesday 6
Culture and resilience
William's Daré
› 15:40 - 16:40 (1h)
From Wild meat to chicken nuggets: tradeoffs in nutritional transitions observed in socio ecological systems from the Amazon
Nathalie Van Vliet  1@  , Maria Paula Quiceno  2@  , Cristina Adams  3@  , Carla Morsello, Daniel Cruz  4@  , Leady Tellez, Blanca Yague  5@  , Robert Nasi  6@  
1 : CIFOR/ONF Andina
2 : Fundacion SI
3 : University of Sao Paolo
4 : Fundación Omacha
5 : Universidad nacional de Colombia

Bushmeat, or the consumption of terrestrial animals from the wild, constitutes an important source of nutrition for people living in forest landscapes. Despite the rapid transitions that these previously remote areas are undergoing, bushmeat remains part of urban and rural diets, particularly in major tropical forest basins. In this study conducted in the Tri frontier area between Peru, Colombia and Brazil, we analyze socio ecological systems, with the lenses of nutrition, and particularly meat consumption, as one of the main remaining links between the natural environment (forests and rivers) and modern Amazonian societies. These local socio-ecological systems are increasingly influenced by globalization, market integration, migration and a diversity of conservation, development and social policies that sometimes drive to contradictory scenarios. In the Tri frontier area, we show that despite the often predicted demise, bushmeat remains an important source of nutritional diversity and the provision of bushmeat to urban dwellers is well organized through an active market chain involving different types of stakeholders. We quantify the economic contribution of bushmeat to local economies and describe the ecological services provided by this resource. From rural to urban gradients, sources of protein from the wild (fish and bushmeat) are replaced by alternatives, mainly chicken and processed foods, reducing nutritional diversity and food security, and making nutrition more and more dependent on meats produced in other regions (particularly the South of Brazil). The main drivers of these changes are analyzed trying to disentangle the effect of restrictive conservation measures, market access and prices of alternatives, and the cultural transformations that lead to changes in food preferences. We also discuss the ecological footprint of alternative sources of meat as compared to the possibility of re-establishing sustainable use schemes for bushmeat.

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