Tuesday 6
Ecosystems services and sustainable intensification : Trade-offs analysis with biophysical and participatory modeling approaches
Fred Kizito, Christophe Le Page, Leigh Winowiecki
› 11:35 - 12:30 (55min)
Gaming and simulation to explore collaborative land use decision-making in complex social-ecological systems
Luis García-Barrios  1@  , Erika Speelman  2, *@  
1 : El Colegio de la Frontera Sur  (ECOSUR)  -  Website
El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Carretera Panamericana y Periférico Sur S/N, Maria Auxiliadora, San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico -  Mexique
2 : Wageningen University  (WU)  -  Website
Farming Systems Ecology Group, Plant Sciences Group, Wageningen University, Droevendaalsesteeg 1, 6708 PB, Wageningen, The Netherlands -  Pays-Bas
* : Corresponding author

Smallholder farming systems often consist of a mosaic of interlinked forested and cleared-field patches that together provide a diversity of services to local and non-local stakeholders. Over the last decades, many of these ecosystem services degraded due to unsustainable land use change triggered by institutional, market and policy drivers. Consequently, the design of more sustainable agricultural landscapes that preserve ecosystem services gained importance among a wide range of institutes and organizations. Increased societal awareness on the negative externalities of agriculture pushed governments and markets to develop mechanisms that directly and/or indirectly reward farmers for developing and/or adopting more sustainable resilient agricultural systems that maintain ecosystem services within an agricultural landscape. The requirements and the environmental effects of newly-designed faming systems extend beyond the farm level and thereby challenge farmers to coordinate their activities. Therefore, designing and exploring farming systems for such mosaic landscapes involves communal decision-making and active participation of local and non-local stakeholders. Here, we present an overview of the innovative tools that we developed in recent years. These tools consist of board-games, system models, agent-based modeling and a combination of the simulation and gaming. We show case study applications of the tools in workshops with: i) smallholder farmers, ii) extension workers, and/or ii) University graduate students. Workshop participants were asked to jointly learn and discuss the management of the newly-designed agricultural landscapes. Participants were challenged to combine individual and collective land use decisions to satisfy a variety of objectives e.g. social, economic, productive. We assessed (social and) shared learning results through objective and self-reporting methods in many of these workshops. In addition, we developed research and observation schemes to analyze the decision-making process in more detail including the effect of relatedness among participants, communication, leadership, and payment schemes.

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