Monday 5
Participatory conservation
Christophe Le Page
› 11:05 - 18:00 (6h55)
› Centre du Scamandre Vauvert
Combining local and scientific knowledge in land-use planning of villages neighboring Cordillera Azul National Park, Peru
Lily Rodriguez  1@  , Alex Reategui, Roxana Otárola, Jorge Martinez@
1 : Centro de conservacion, investigacion y manejo de areas naturales  (CIMA)  -  Website
Jose Gabriel Chariarse 420, Miraflores - Lima 18 -  Pérou

The challenge of land-use planning lays not only in the gathering of thorough knowledge of the spatial and socio-economical context, while keeping a complete picture of the territory, but on the integration of the knowledge, commitment and interests of the local people living in that area. CIMA has been promoting the participation of local people in processes of land-use planning to the village level, in areas neighboring Cordillera Azul National Park. The purpose was to identify together with those populations, a variety of alternatives for the sustainable use of their territories, through the evaluation of potentialities and limitations, converting these spaces in a true buffering zone, thus reducing pressure to the park.

In order to achieve this, CIMA – Cordillera Azul has developed a tool called “Participative Communal Zoning “– ZPC, a spatial zoning incorporating the communal vision. The ZPC enhances local capacities, through a continuous awareness-raising process of the population and their authorities, on their environmental problems and use of resources, aiming to empowering them with the process. Through the local participation, together with the technical studies (forest, soils, etc.) we incorporate the traditional knowledge over their territories (distribution across the area, uses, threats, risks, etc.), to build a strong baseline and data base, from both the technical and the social scopes. Over these data, villagers and local authorities analyze and discuss, identifying potentialities and thresholds of the environment. Finally they discuss about the type of development they are aiming at as a community and select the scenario matching better their expectations.

These activities are already generating a shift on attitude in the way communities use their territories and natural resources, promoting a better appropriation and new approaches for their lands, establishing areas for communal protection; this also allows for a better structuring of their decision-making processes and empowers them to confront external threats such as poaching, land encroaching, illegal logging, etc.. Furthermore, these actions – which are developed to the micro-watersheds level and not by individual villages, has already reduced conflicts among neighboring villages, establishing clear boundaries or creating synergies and coordinated use of common-pool resources.

Through the reinforcement of local capacities, ZPCs are allowing the villagers themselves to lead and select their own activities with a better guidance towards the improvement of their quality of life – dismissing projects which won´t bring benefits to the community, generating partnership to implement their land-use planning and communal vision, and even attracting interest from organizations to develop non-timber forestry projects, management plans of some resources, and assuring markets for their products.



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