Tuesday 6
Urban resilience & collective action
Rafael Balanzo-Joue
› 15:45 - 16:40 (55min)
Resilience trade-offs: urban–rural interdependencies in the Southern Bolivian Altiplano
Guido Minucci  1@  , Chelleri Chelleri  2@  
1 : Architecture and Urban Studies Department  (Polimi)  -  Website
Via Bonardi 3, Milan, 20133, Italy -  Italie
2 : Autonomous University of Barcelona  (UAB)
Edifici B, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona -  Espagne

The urban population continues to growth re-shaping the interdependencies between urban and rural areas. This paper contributes to the understanding of such cross-scales interdependences, which are driven by global market and local adaptations. The case of quinoa cropping in the semi-arid and drought prone area of Tomave (Southern Bolivian Altiplano) discusses the unsustainable transformations of the local social-ecological systems fostered by the arising global quinoa market. The main interests of the paper are in exploring and illustrating three main cross scales interdependencies. On one hand, the relationship between the exploitation market driven land use changes and water management and the traditional ones of indigenous communities; on the other hand, the emerging role of cities as hot spots of global markets and hubs of opportunities for rural area. Finally the current opportunities created by the food market and policies oriented to adapt to and reduce future natural disasters effects. Based on this, we argue how urban-dominated shift in system functioning generates a mixture of benefits and risks for the resilience of the whole regional socio-ecological system – increased well-being for local farmers, but undermining wide-scale rural resilience. Furthermore, adapting to the global market changes could result in unsustainable changes of the agro-sustainability at local and regional scale. Thus it shows how cross-scale interactions and drivers may produce real trade-offs in the benefits to rural systems and how resilience trade-offs can occur within a scale due to stark heterogeneities in adaptive capacity within a population. The paper results emphasize the role of local actors in maintaining the resilience of the agro-ecosystem and the need of flexible institutional structures supported by the rule of law in order to monitor, evaluate and regulate vulnerabilities and opportunities generated by market driven transformation processes. Moreover it underlines the need to develop policies acknowledging the link between disaster risk reduction and development to face both the future disasters triggered by weather-related events and the challenges posed by the globalization process. 

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