Tuesday 6
Measuring resilience
Alexis Hoskins
› 10:25 - 11:20 (55min)
› Antigone 1
A mixed methods approach to measuring resilience in Somalia
Eugenie Reidy  1@  , Angie Lee  2@  , Luca Alinovi  3@  , Marco D'errico  4, *@  
1 : United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund  (UNICEF)
2 : World Food Programme  (WFP)
3 : Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN  (FAO)
4 : Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN  (FAO)
* : Corresponding author

This paper describes a mixed methods approach to measuring resilience in Somalia as part of a joint FAO-UNICEF-WFP Resilience Strategy started in 2012. Qualitative and quantitative methods are used to inform and complement each other, allowing an understanding of resilience appropriate to its complexity and dynamism.

The approach began in Dolow (South Central Somalia – one of the Strategy's starting districts) with open-ended qualitative data collection. Largely in the form of individual and community consultations, this shaped a broad understanding of resilience as something composed not only of assets, capitals, markets and services, but also of less observable capacities, aspirations and connections. The paper describes how many of these seemingly intangible but vital aspects – for example social support networks, the changing economic roles of women and youth, preparedness, and mobility – were uncovered and then investigated further through a quantitative survey tool. Applied to over a thousand households, that was the basis for an econometric model, developed by FAO, that gives a quantitative index of the resilience of households, communities, and livelihood zones. Using mixed methods in an iterative series of steps, this data will then be qualitatively validated and interpreted through further community consultations, the findings of which will inform future questionnaires that can quantify changes in resilience (and the impacts of interventions) over time.

A mixed methods approach is described here, as well as some of the specific findings about what resilience means to individuals, households, communities and livelihoods in Dolow, South Central Somalia. The approach will continue to evolve both in Dolow and in other districts where the Resilience Strategy is to be applied. What is intended is a resilience and impact evaluation using the same principles as the joint Strategy itself: informed by communities, dynamic, and built on synergies between approaches as well as agencies.

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